Mozambique to promote Conservation Agriculture in national strategy

Government and non-profit representatives visit a PROMAC Conservation Agriculture demonstration plot.Government and non-profit representatives visit a PROMAC Conservation Agriculture demonstration plot.Government and non-profit representatives visit a PROMAC Conservation Agriculture demonstration plot.Bringing stakeholders working on development of the agricultural sector—including Mozambique’s Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security—together with non-profit partners in late March, NCBA CLUSA, along with the Austrian Cooperation and the FAO, hosted a National Seminar on Conservation Agriculture in Mozambique to highlight the results of this farming technique.

Visiting demonstration plots from NCBA CLUSA’s Conservation Agriculture Promotion (PROMAC) project, funded by the Government of Norway, agriculture ministry staff, provincial Governors, academic and research institutions and the Rural Extension Services Directorate were able to see first-hand the results of conservation agriculture (CA) techniques compared to traditional farming methods.

The aim of the event was to bring PROMAC experiences with conservation agriculture to the forefront as a valid alternative to adapting to climate change and increasing smallholder farmer resilience and productivity. While government policies promote CA, they need support on getting the techniques to the fields. Sharing experiences, data and ideas on how to expand CA promotion and adoption, PROMAC and other partners shared practical tips for getting CA beyond policy and making it a real priority for the Mozambican Government and other stakeholders, as a strategy to mitigate climate change and protect natural resources.

From left: Representatives from the Austrian Cooperation and FAO with the governor of Manica, the National Director of Agrarian Services and Carolina Reynoso Pieters, NCBA CLUSA’s Country Director in Mozambique.From left: Representatives from the Austrian Cooperation and FAO with the governor of Manica, the National Director of Agrarian Services and Carolina Reynoso Pieters, NCBA CLUSA’s Country Director in Mozambique.PROMAC’s 900 demonstration plots in rural communities around the country are tailored for smallholders and commercial farmers, depending on the local context. The project has also set up a plot at the Government Agricultural Technology Transfer Center showcasing the potential of CA using mechanization. In addition, PROMAC also has a research plot at the Instituto Superior de Manica, where two students are doing research on the benefits of CA and testing various types of herbicide in order to identify the best one for the local agro-climatic conditions.

To assess and discuss technical aspects of conservation agriculture practices in the Mozambican context, these research and demonstration plots around the country are integral to getting government and other partners on board with this transformative technique.

“This experience can and should be replicated nationwide, and now that government leadership has seen how it is being done and what results we are getting, we are hopeful that there will be a stronger push to follow our example at the national level,” said Carolina Reynoso Pieters, NCBA CLUSA’s Country Director in Mozambique.

The Governor of Manica Province echoed this sentiment, noting that it was important to marry CA approaches to the national strategy to increase production. On average, farmers using CA can produce at least 30 percent more in the same area. Increasing the government’s capacity to train CA through their extension network, investing in CA mechanization options for the commercial sector, and investing in youth engagement in agriculture through CA practices all support Mozambique’s national goals.

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